This course examines the rationale, techniques, models, and problems related to educational planning. It identifies the need for planning, planning for national development, and community outreach. It emphasizes the need for data and data collection, preparation, and analysis procedures which are necessary elements in effective planning.  The topics discussed included definitions of planning in general and educational planning in particular,  aims and objectives for planning educational programs and activities, the concepts and characteristics of planning, people involved in planning a school program, ways used in the collection of information necessary for planning. Items to plan for in a school system. Types of plans time horizon, systems approach, and strategic approach.  Planning cycles and trends in planning.The process of planning and its limitations. Planning for quality.  Community involvement in planning for educational programs. Educational planning as an avenue for national development.